What is a Home Mortgage Loan? Definition & Info

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A mortgage is a loan taken out with a bank or building society to buy a house or other property. The US mortgage and loan market is one of the most innovative and competitive in the world.

There are two main types of mortgage: repayment mortgage, where your regular repayment goes towards the amount you borrowed (the capital) and interest-only mortgage, where your regular repayment goes towards the interest only. At the end of the mortgage you repay the capital in a lump sum.

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The cost of the mortgage depends on the interest rate. There are lots of different types of interest rates such as fixed rate or variable rate.

The mortgage is usually for a long period, typically up to 25 years, and you pay it back by monthly instalments. When you sign the mortgage agreement you agree to give the property as security. This means if you don’t keep up with the repayments, the lender has the right to take back and sell the property. But they can’t do this without first going to court.

You can also get additional loans secured on your home for things like home improvements. This may be called a second mortgage, second charge or further charge. They all mean the same thing.

Changes to mortgage rules from 26 April 2014, mean lenders must make sure you only take out a mortgage you can afford. This means that they’ll ask you for lots of information and proof of your income, outgoings and spending habits.

If you’re considering buying a house or another type of property, you’ll likely have to shop around for a mortgage loan. It’s important to find the loan with the cheapest rate you can so that you can pay it back responsibly and in a reasonable amount of time. There are several methods to calculate your monthly payments so that you can make the right choice. First of all try to understand the function used, then start using the PMT function and analyze your result.

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Unfortunately, it is not always possible to pay correctly all the installments of a loan. There’s an easy way to lower your monthly mortgage payment, just refinance your loan.

But, if you have bad credit, refinancing your mortgage may not be an option.

You can re-amortize your mortgage, so you can lower your monthly payment without refinancing. This process involves extending your mortgage term.


You can ask your mortgage company to re-calculate your escrow payment. If they find out your property taxes or homeowners insurance are less than what you’re putting into escrow each month, they will adjust your escrow payment which will lower your monthly payment.


The final option is a sort of co-housing way. This isn’t the ideal scenario for most people. But when things are really tight, you can rent out a room in your home.

Finally just note that there are tax benefits to retaining the mortgage on the property you let. The interest – but not any repayment of capital – can be deducted from your rental income as a business expense.

Published: 2018-02-02From: Matteo Belfiglio

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